The collection of Georgian Medieval Cloisonné Enamel is amongst the richest collections in the world. The earliest artifacts of cloisonné date to 8th-9th centuries, however, the cloisonné incrustation with inlayed multicolored stones found in richly decorated objects discovered at Mtskheta (the dagger sheath from Mtskheta, 170-180 AD), is the closest prototype to this technique widely used in Medieval Ages, when similarly to the Byzantine Empire the embellishment of church attributes with this particular technique became very common.
Enamelwork of 8th -9th centuries is characterized by flat and non-volumetric imagery as well as by the use of a distinctive semi-transparent emerald-green background, which can be seen in eighth century Qaudrifolium with the crucifixion and in the ninth century Deesis from Martvili.
The enamels of later period of 11th-12th century are marked by thin partition networks, a surprising boldness of color, dynamism, and a strong emotional emphasis, the latter of which lack the doctrinal strictness of Byzantine images. The stunning variety of stones and medallions in cloisonné enamel as well as ornamental motifs, which demonstrate the skillful execution of a unified artistic effect, is evident in the Khakuli Triptych of the Holy Virgin composed in 12th century. The central icon of the triptych depicting Virgin Mary is deemed the largest specimen of the cloisonné enamel in the world (its dimensions are 116 cm x 95 cm). Combining a large number (115 items) of medieval enamels from different times (eighth - twelfth centuries) and origins (both Georgia and Byzantine) into a harmonious whole, the Kakhuli Triptych can be regarded as a small “museum” of this branch of art. It compares with the rich treasury of the Venetian enamels, particularly with famous Pala d' Oro.
There are only two examples - icons, both depicting St. George of cloisonné enamel survived from 15th century. Thereafter the tradition of enamel has been lost. It has been recently revitalized in last decade of 20th century. Nowadays it uniquely combines the values of traditional classical forms with contemporary trends, making the offerings more attractive and demanded.